Kamakura (鎌倉) is a city in Japan. It is located within the Kanagawa Prefecture. It is 48 kilometers southwest of Tokyo and is easily accessed by railway lines. There are mountains located on each side of the city and the Sagami Bay is on the fourth side. There are many temples and shrines located here. The population of this city is estimated at 171,122. The total area of this city is over 14.22 kilometers. The city flower is the Gentian and the city tree is the wild cherry tree.
The city is very urbanized and has made a move towards industrializing. The city has played a leading role in developing Japan's Economy. Being on the Sagami Bay has made the fishing and trading industry an important part of life here. Other native products and factories have opened up to improve the economy. The beautiful mountains and land around the city make it a perfect home away from home for tourist.
The first Shogunate government was opened up in the 12th century by Yoritomo Minamoto. He destroyed the rival Heike family. This government was in control all the way up until the 19th century.
Kamakura was designated a city on November 3, 1939. He structured the government and created a new capital here. By the time the city design was completed by Minamoto the government had attained much prosperity. Because of the quick growth and positive gains Kamakura become a center of politics, diplomacy and culture.
Trade was a big economic and culture booster because of trade with the Chinese. This cause many changes in this area such as the Zen sect Buddhism, Zen-style construction, Buddha sculptures and imagery and many other imported goods. All these arts and mixed cultures led this city to the unique place it is today.